Of course it’s not like we don’t have a rover exploring Mars already, but this is still big news! The spirit of Spirit is still with us, as the amazingly-indefatigable Opportunity continues to soldier on.

This remarkable rover, designed for a 90-day mission, has weathered more than eight and a half years and continues to inspire us. However, even bigger things are afoot with the successful landing of the next rover, Mars Science Laboratory “Curiosity“! And when I say bigger, I mean BIGGER. Opportunity completely eclipsed Sojourner in size and complexity. Now Curiosity has done the same to Opportunity.  The once-seemingly gargantuan 400-pound machine will now give way to the near 2000-pound MSL behemoth.

I stayed up much too late watching the landing last night; I was so excited to witness the actual landing, I had to stay up to watch the press conference!  It was a marvel to see such a daunting technological feat accomplished!  Words can’t describe the magnitude of skill and effort required to not only succeed in this endeavor, but to execute such success flawlessly.  I was truly amazed.  But now safe and sound on Martian soil, the latest press releases make it sound like it might be about 10 days before we see the scientific heavy- lifting start.

And on the nerd front, I was very interested to see what the power plant was, since it obviously wasn’t solar.   While this is no where near new technology, it’s still pretty amazing.  It uses a radioisotope thermoelectric generator.  What happens when you stick some thermocouples around a hot, radioactive core?  You get voltage, duh 🙂  I had never heard of such a thing.  It’s rather ingenious!

The excitement of Curiosity should in no way detract from the ongoing legacy of the Mars Exploration Rovers.  But it will be exciting to see new revelations that may even shed light on the nature of life.  Here come the science!

——UPDATE—— 08/08/2012

More cameras are snapping pictures and full-resolution pictures have been retrieved as well.  There are some great images about Curiosity getting posted on the mission websiteHere is the first color photo from a camera called MAHLI.  Here is a great shot of the rim of Gale Crater with bits of the rover in the foreground.  During the rover’s descent the MRO captured a picture of the MSL while still slowing with its parachute.  They have posted a great review of what MRO saw after Curiosity (and everything else) had landed.  The rover itself has a descent camera called MARDI.  It can take very detailed photos of the ground.  But, while still descending, it captured an incredible shot of the capsule’s 15 ft-diameter heat shield.  They have posted the thumbnails of the MARDI’s heat shield photos as an animation of 25 seconds of the landing sequence.  I hope some day they will get to redo this with full-resolution pictures!

The start up testing is going very well by the sounds of things; this should just get better and better.  Keep an eye out for more exciting stuff!

I know I don’t publish on this site any more.  I don’t really have plans to do so again.  But I just finished a major project and I wanted this information to be available to the world.  If you want to contact me you’re best off  sending an e mail to: benito shavings (no space) via hotmail because I don’t remember to check the comments most of the time.  Now on to the good stuff!

I own a 1970 Fender Twin Reverb and it was in need of some significant maintenance.  Once I considered doing it I got bit by the amp-mod bug and here’s what happened.

My amp was built in 1970, probably early in the year judging from the parts.  The control pots are dated 1969 and the speakers are Oxford speakers built in April of 1970.  The tube chart labels the amp with the “AB763” schematic, but this is obviously incorrect.  AB763 was the famous pre-CBS “Blackface” design.  The tube callouts are identical for this model, though.

When CBS purchased Fender in 1965, the Twin Reverb design that had been used since 1963 did not change at first.  The AB763 circuit design was retained through 1967 (when the Silverface cosmetics were first introduced) and through 1968 (by 1968 the Blackface cosmetics were completely replaced by the Silverface cosmetics).  In 1969 the Twin received its first “post-CBS” redesign and it was a significant one.  This design, seen in Schematic AA769, most notably changed the operational voltages of the tube plates and removed the adjustable bias in favor of a fixed bias with adjustable tube balance.  With all circuit changes in 1969, the amp power output went from around 85W to around 100W.  When 1970 hit, more design changes were introduced, as shown in Schematic AA270.

My amp was built using the AA270 design.  I purchased it circa 1998 and it was completely stock (including the original RCA tubes).  Over the years it has aged and was in need of an overhaul.  The preamp tubes were the first things to go, they had become terribly microphonic.  I replaced all the preamp tubes:  The 12AT7 tubes were replaced with NOS RCA and GE 12AT7 tubes (thank you!) and the 7025 tubes were replaces with new Svetlana 12AX7s and the vibrato 12AX7 was replaced with a new Electro Harmonix.  The power tubes are all still the original RCA 6L6s.

During the overhaul, I decided to re-cap the amp since the existing capacitors were over 40 years old and some had deteriorated.  Once I had committed to replacing the caps, I explored the idea of converting to the classic Blackface circuit design.  The changes were relatively simple in the amp models before the Master Volume knob was introduced in 1972.

In order to make the conversion, a plan had to be developed.  The first step: get copies of the electrical schematic and layout of the Blackface Twin Reverb (AB763) and the same drawings for the model of amp I was working on, my AA270.  These are available online in Ampwares’ Fender Amp Field Guide.  They are also published in different books.  I used Aspen Pittman’s “The Tube Amp Book”.  I believe they are also in Gerald Weber’s “A Desktop Reference to Hip Vintage Guitar Amps”.

To begin, I just studied the AB763 and AA270 schematics and noted all the differences that were made to get the AA270.  Theoretically, you simply need to undo all those changes, and you are back to a Blackface.  In Chapter 2 of Weber’s “Desktop Reference” he also has a section called “Silver to Blackface Conversion for Twin Reverb”.  That was very helpful, but I thought it was incomplete in a few details, especially the bias circuit modifications, so I refined it developed my own plan.

Blackface Schematic AB763:

My Silverface Schematic AA270:

The cool thing with the Ampwares copy of the AB763 drawings is they includes the layout; something that is not in Aspen Pittman’s book.  Notice in the bias circuit that a 3.3k resistor and a 50uF cap were added to the AA270 design.  Weber’s Blackface conversion instructions retained those components, I’m not sure why.  But they weren’t there in the Blackface design and, since both models used the same power transformer, I had no qualms about removing them.

Apart from installing new preamp tubes, the only other impact of the overhaul was all six original 25uF/25V capacitors in the preamp section were replaced with new 22uF/25V, because of the unavailability of 25uF.

In the vibrato circuit the AB763 had a 25uF capacitor on one of the cathode grounding connections.  This was changed to a 5uF capacitor in 1969 to shunt fewer high frequencies to ground (i.e. allow more of the “lower” high frequencies to stay in the sonic circuitry).  This was done because some thought the Blackface vibrato sounded muddy, I think.  I like the sound of the 5uF cap, so I replaced it, but didn’t change it to a 25uF.  Also in 1969 there was a 0.002uF capacitor added to the ground path on the reverb unit output.  In a full Blackface conversion it should be removed (Weber calls for the removal in his Blackface conversion instructions).  I tried the amp both ways, with it removed and with it in place.  I preferred the sound of leaving it in place.  The reverb seemed to have more punch and presence.  So I didn’t do that part of the Blackface conversion either.

In the end the Blackface conversion only entailed changing 11 resistors (and removing one more), replacing one capacitor (and removing four others), then some minor rewiring around the bias adjustment pot (see pictures below).  Replacing the old capacitors was more work than the conversion.

The electrolytic capacitors were replaced with new Xicon caps.  My amp repair guru (Doyle from Doyle’s Broadway Music in Boise, ID) has had Sprague caps die on him a lot so he doesn’t recommend them.  I got the Xicons from him for less than you can buy Sprague caps online.

If you attempt to do something similar to your amp, I must offer the ubiquitous warnings:  THERE ARE VOLTAGES IN TUBE AMPS THAT CAN KILL YOU.  Power tube plate voltages can be between 500 and 600 volts DC.  This charge can stay in the amp for a very long time after unplugging it.  If you at all doubt your ability to use a voltmeter and safely discharge capacitors – DO NOT WORK ON YOUR OWN AMP.

If you do feel comfortable with those things, use caution and be safe.  Your voltmeter is your friend.  If you do do the work, here are some tips for capacitors.  Old ceramic caps were polarized.  Modern ceramic caps are not.  So you don’t have to worry about installing modern ceramic caps in backwards.  However ALL ELECTROLYTIC CAP ARE POLARITY SENSITIVE.  Pay attention to how you remove the old caps and install the new ones.  If you get the new one in backwards it will likely explode the first time you turn on the power.  The old Malory caps usually had a “+” symbol on one side.  My new Xicon caps have arrows and a “-” symbol to indicate the negative side (see my filter cap pictures below).

Also be aware, you may have some parts in your amp that don’t match the spec callouts, or things may not be laid out as shown in the layout drawing.  Just pay attention to what you see and if something doesn’t look right, it may not be.  These amps weren’t perfect.

Interestingly, since the AA769 design you could use somewhat mismatched tube pairs in the “push” and “pull” circuits of the power amp and use the balance pot to compensate for the mismatch.  With the conversion to the AB763 circuit, that feature is removed in favor of an adjustable bias.  Therefore it is most desirable to use a matched quad set of tubes in this amp.  If that is not possible, two matched pairs can be used.  One matched pair should go in sockets V7 and V10 (outside sockets) and one pair should go in V8 and V9 (inside sockets).  The stock RCA 6L6 tubes in my amp were not quite a matched quad, so they have been installed in this second fashion.

The end result of all this work?  This amp used to sound (what I thought was) amazing.  Now it sounds out of this world!

Perhaps now it is not as “collectible” as a bone-stock 1970 Twin Reverb amplifier would be.  But how collectible was it before I got it?  The Silverface Twin Reverb amps from 1967 and 1968, which contained the original Blackface design, are not nearly as collectable as the 1967 Twin Reverb with Blackface cosmetics.  Even at its best, this 1970 amp was only second banana (on a good day) to the Blackfaces in a collector’s eyes.  That’s being generous because the 1969, 1968 and 1967 Silverfaces are all more collectable than the 1970.

But in the end, the guitar amp is both tool and it is an instrument.  To sacrifice its function – its soul – for the sake of an abstract concept like collectability is to do a great disservice to what made this amp collectible in the first place; it sounds absolutely beautiful.  The modifications and maintenance we do over the life of the amp is what keeps that beauty alive.

Have fun out there and go make some noise!




As has been painfully obvious if anyone looks here anymore, I’m not writing anything these days, or even checking the site (comments) out.

If you want to get a hold of me, shoot me an e-mail (or better, call).  This will probably lie dormant until long after Fallout 3 is old.  Maybe I’ll check back in March ’09.  Peace 🙂

Haha, not really.  But my work at my church garnered some unexpected media attention.  Recently we celebrated our two-year anniversary.  A guest attended from the local paper looking to write an article about those who “quietly occupy the middle ground” in Christianity as opposed to the noisy extremists.  Well the article turned out rather well.  Apparently I play in a rock band (hey, if the paper printed it it must be true).  If you’re interested in reading an “outside” perspective on what our church is doing you can read it here.  Later!

So, as you could see here R responded and I wanted to offer some further thoughts on the matter. Thanks for responding, by the way! Those are some great thoughts.

I totally agree with your idea that no one is going to have God totally figured out in this lifetime. And I of course agree with the idea that opening up conversations with others is of utmost importance and value. That’s why I do this sort of thing, right?

After reading your second paragraph I think I’ll throw a new word out there “Exclusive”. The “inclusive” idea of God is that good people who are not Christians get “included” in life with God after death. The “exclusive” idea is more of what you are describing, I think. That the “exclusive” group are the keepers of the truth and if you don’t buy into their idea, you get “excluded” from life with God. I totally understand and agree with your point that it is attractive to people to “transcend the general mass”. And your point is made that having a view of God that allows some people (whoever they may be) to be outside or cast away from God, is a view that promotes power. Like I said in the last post there are reasons Universalism is the minority view. A major reason it is in the minority is it relinquishes all the domineering power that Christianity can (and often does) exercise over peoples lives. The religion can be exploited to be a tool to bring wealth and power to those in control. And people will always respond to that temptation. But taking up an idea that strips you any potential power and authority is not an idea ambitious people adopt.

I see that as another indicator of the truth here. If we honestly believe there is a God that IS love, then it should not be possible that the truth about God could be employed to oppress people without being corrupted.

But I will offer you this thought. Yes, the idea that people want to be a part of something bigger than themselves is very prominent; I share in that desire. But, rather than taking up with those who want power or those who want to be regarded as a “guardian of truth”, I have taken up with a different group. A group that believes God is working in this world right now. A group that believes God is connected with every life. And I (we) can be a part of that good work. We can be a part of the work of God that strives to redeem this world and make it the good place it was always meant to be. It’s an amazing idea, but certainly one that does not lend itself to putting me in any kind of position of power.

Thanks for your thoughts, that’s really good stuff! Maybe we can drag Krime over here one day and see what he thinks 🙂 Later!

So much for posting a timely update!  A combination of my PS2 port blowing up on my PC, preparing for some intense stuff at work and working on music with my sister-in-law has kept me exceedingly busy!

But for the first time in a long time I have a couple hours of freedom.  So here’s a quick update.  The Flobots? Awesome!  If you every have a chance to see them, do so.  Great talent, great messages and they are a ton of fun.  I’ll now tuck my original post behind the fold. (more…)

The dust has REALLY been collecting lately. But the gears never stop turning. As soon as the weather turned warm, the XBox was turned off and I’ve been reading. And thinking. I’m not looking to write anything profound. But this has increasingly dawned on me: understanding what people believe and why they believe it is probably one of the most illuminating and enjoyable things to me.

So, if they’re up for it I’d like to call them out: -R- (you know who you are) and Krime/Bikertomj – Share your minds! Of course, only if you feel like it… (more…)

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